First Aid Training & CPR Training - (Since 2001)
Standard First Aid & CPR Training


Hespro is a Canadian Red Cross Training Partner.

Who Should Attend
Employees who are to be First Aid trained and provide first aid at there workplace. This workshop may also be of benefit to employees who work in small groups or high risk areas, or are in remote locations far from immediate medical aid (e.g., field staff).


Upon successful completion of this two-day workshop, employees will receive a Standard First Aid/Heart Saver CPR Certificate, which is valid for 3 years. Employees may renew this certificate once by attending a one-day Standard First Aid Re-certification course. The workshops consist of a minimum of 13 hours of instruction time for up to 25 participants, including testing (written and practical test). 

First Aid Training Program design

This first aid training course is flexible and versatile in adapting to the needs of participants.  Scenarios are utilized to be consistent with the work environments of participants (ie. office workers inner city vs field workers in Algonquin Park).  The delivery is lively and fun, in a non-threatening environment and participants are evaluated and assisted throughout to minimize the anxiety associated with practical examination.  Humour is used generously to maintain a relaxed atmosphere, and participants are encouraged to share their experiences.  Each segment is delivered in a step-by-step logical fashion; theory, demonstration, and practice.  The application of adult learning principles results in a highly interactive atmosphere.  All of the essentials are covered from recognizing, assessing and controlling hazards to the application of life saving techniques. 

The focus on learning is to consolidate a group of skills that can be applied in any emergency situation.  This consolidation allows participants to be confident in the application of their skills and remain calm in highly charged situations; in the office, in the field, or in a restaurant with their families.  Participants are encouraged to share their own experiences and the group is briefed on the importance of maintaining confidentiality.

Workshop Format
1.On-site education
2.Small and large group discussions
3.Case studies
4.Practical application of skills by working in pairs and with manikins
5.Stress free testing format in a relaxed atmosphere - written and practical

Duration: 2 days

Course objectives 

-Recognizing a medical emergency
-Making the decision to help
-Identifying hazards and ensuring personal safety
-Activating the emergency medical service (EMS) system
-Providing supportive basic first aid care

What You Will Learn

The workshop includes compulsory modules, which cover the following topics:

-Emergency Scene Management
-Artificial Respiration
-Adult Choking
-Severe Bleeding, and
-One Rescuer CPR
-Safety & Accident Prevention
-Wounds & Bleeding
-Heart Attack & Stroke
-Head & Spinal Injuries
-Heat & Cold Injuries
-Fracture Management
-Abdominal Injuries
-Diabetic Emergencies
-Communicable Diseases
-Allergic Reactions
-First Aid Kits

The Instructor will also cover learning objectives identified by the participants from a list of elective modules. Suggested topics included: Fractures, Multiple Injuries (e.g., chest, hand, head and spinal, joint, eye, abdominal, crush, etc.,) Burns, Poisoning, Heart Attack and Stroke, Medical Conditions (e.g., Diabetes, Epilepsy, Convulsions and Allergies), Environmental Illnesses and Injuries.
The selection of Elective Modules for dedicated training (e.g., specific to the individual ministry needs) will be determined in advance of the course delivery.


Participants will be able to:
-Recognize safety requirements at the scene;
-Describe the responsibilities of the first aider;
-Understand and assess any hazards at the scene, and the needs of the victim;
-Describe causes of choking;
-Demonstrate skills of basic life support (abdominal thrust, A/R, CPR)
-Recognize shock;
-Understand wounds and bleeding;
-Demonstrate bandaging and dressing skills.

In addition to the core learning, participants will identify the additional topics they would like to study and be able to:
-Deal with burns;
-Recognize spinal injuries;
-Recognize different types of fractures/sprains/dislocations;
-Demonstrate splinting;
-Identify priorities with multiple injuries;
-Recognize symptoms of serious illnesses;
-Identify poisoning;
-Deal with heat and cold related emergencies.


We are an authorized distributor of the Philips Medical Automated External Defibrillators.  We also have an effective and unique program for helping Ontario WSIB insured organizations stay in compliance with Section 6 (First Aid Kit Inspections every 90 days) of Regulation 1101

Hespro facilitates Workplace First Aid Training throughout Ontario including:
St. Catharines, Niagara Falls, Fort Erie, Niagara On The Lake, Vineland, Beamsville, Grimsby, Port Colborne and Welland.

We are Located at:
817 Gilmore Road, Fort Erie, Ontario, L2A 5M4
6100 Thorold Stone, Niagara Falls, Ontario L2J 1A3
Call 1-888-840-3456
Red Cross First Aid & CPR Training
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Workplace Training

First Aid Training and CPR Training
Classroom and On-Line / E-Learning Solutions

To break bones or not; that is the question!  Some will tell you yes others no - let us debunk this confusion.   CPR is physically demanding.  The first compressions will result in the separation of the sternum from the cartilage that makes the chest wall more compliant, and thus chest compressions more effective.  Fracture of the ribs should not occur during CPR.  However when chest compressions are not being performed correctly (i.e. hands of the compressor are in the wrong place) fracture of one or more ribs is possible.  If you perform CPR, you can break ribs, damage the lungs, liver and heart. If you do compressions on someone with a normal heartbeat, you can interfere with the normal beat and damage the heart. So, don't practice on real people that don't need it, silly right!  If a person is unresponsive with no pulse or breathing and you do CPR, you can still cause all this damage, but a person with no breathing and no pulse is dead, biologically and clinically; as dicussed in a Quora article . There is literally nothing you can do to them to make their day worse. So, by all means, if someone is unconscious and not breathing, and you don't think they have a pulse, by all means perform CPR.

At term, the blood volume of a pregnant woman will have increased by 50%.  To move that increased volume, the pregnant woman's heart rate increases by 15%, and her cardiac output by 35% - 40%.  Her diaphragm will be displaced upward by approximately 1 1/2 - 3 inches to make room for the fetus.  These factors and others related to pregnancy increase risk of cardiac arrest.  Specialized training is recommended for CPR on pregnant women.  Before performing compressions, the uterus must be manually moved to the left; this skill is typically performed in a controlled hospital setting.  Compressions are completed without alternating with rescue breaths. Hands only compressions are performed with the uterus displaced to make sure the major veins have blood flow. In many cases, this has proved to be of utmost importance.

The extra adipose tissue makes it harder to find landmarks and increases the effort needed to compress the chest to reach the heart.  The latest guidelines issued by the European Resuscitation Council, based on research by an organisation known as ILCOR (Organization that helps determine CPR Guidelines used), do recognize that CPR is less effective and more difficult on those patients who are classed as obese. The recommendation in these circumstances is that the CPR provider is changed more often than the usual time of, approximately, every two minutes .

CPR is compression of the chest wall done on an unresponsive patient. They are not breathing and have no pulse (i.e. they are dead). The chest wall, no matter how muscular is relaxed in death so compressions are no more difficult to perform.  The sternum remains a bony area regardless of the degree of musculature of the upper chest.  CPR on these individuals is no more difficult than individuals of normal weight and size.

5.  AGE: 
You are a highly skilled medic delivering CPR to an older frail person for several minutes.  Typically this is your patient; bones are not as elastic as they were when they were younger.  Patients with past medical histories consistent with brittle bones (i.e. osteoporosis) will likely be more susceptible to rib fractures.

Sometimes a person without a pulse is in either in ventricular fibrillation, (the heart is trying to beat but just quivers) or ventricular tachycardia (beating so fast that it can't fill up with blood). Either rhythm  needs a heart reboot via a defibrillator; and if you do not have all the cardiac science necessary to make this decision an Automated external defibrillator (AED)  will make the decision for you, as it is designed to deliver the shock based on current CPR Guidelines  pre-programed in the AED.  Let us not forget that CPR combined with early defibrillation is critical to survival in these cases.

So when did the misconception about the effectiveness of CPR begin? Some researchers argue that television created the myth. Between 1994 and 1995, researchers from Duke University watched 97 episodes of "ER," "Chicago Hope" and "Rescue 911," taking note of when CPR was administered during each show.  In these dramas, 75% of patients survived immediate cardiac arrest, and two-thirds were discharged from the hospital with full brain function, a stark contrast to the much smaller percentage found by medical studies.

Exact survival rates are difficult to come by, as studies generally look at specific populations. A 2012 study showed that only about 2% of adults who collapse on the street and receive CPR recover fully. Another from 2009 (PDF) showed that anywhere from 4% to 16% of patients who received bystander CPR were eventually discharged from the hospital. About 18% of seniors who receive CPR at the hospital survive to be discharged.

In a 2012 article published in The Guardian, "How Doctors Choose to Die," retired physician Dr. Ken Murray reveals that members of his profession frequently turn down everything from chemotherapy to CPR.  He notes that years of witnessing and administering "medical care that makes people suffer" leads many doctors diagnosed with terminal illnesses to choose to spend their last months or years at home and without medical treatment. Murray recalls some fellow physicians who go as far as getting tattoos that read "no code" to remind rescuers to forgo any attempts at revival.

In some cities that have less CPR training, the survival rate is indeed low, In metropolitan areas with strong training programs and quick EMS response times, half or more victims survive.  Teaching CPR in schools starting in seventh grade, as well as increasing access to automated external defibrillators, increases the probability of survival to 80%.

***Please note that no one should provide medical assistance beyond their training, skills, and knowledge so not to render assistance with "gross negligence" according to the "Good Samaritan Act".***

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